WIPO, based in Geneva-Switzerland, is a specialized self-funding agency of the United Nations system of organizations, with a mandate to administer intellectual property matters, including copyrights, patent, and trademarks. The organization is composed of 186 member states and today remains the preeminent global forum for intellectual property policy, information, and cooperation.
Patent is a form of property right granted by law to an inventor. It excludes or prevents others from commercially exploiting the patented invention without the patent owner's consent. That is, its stops other people or entities from reproducing, using, offering for sale, or selling the invention throughout the jurisdiction where the patent right was granted. Patent protection is often granted for a specified period of time, in the U.S, patent protection usually last for about 20 years from the date of filing application.
VAWA 2013 Law Enforcement Officer Pocket Guide (PDF) This business-sized card is designed to be printed double sided on card stock. It is laid out to print 12 cards on a single sheet of 8.5 x 11 inch paper. One side is a checklist for VAWA 2013 jurisdiction and the other side covers facial validity of protection orders..
Indigenous Peoples of the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) in Bangladesh
The Chittagong Hill Tracts—home to 13 indigenous peoples—is situated in the southeastern corner of Bangladesh. It consists of three hill districts bordering India to the north and north-east and Myanmar to the east. The indigenous peoples of this region are struggling for, among other things, de jure recognition as “indigenous peoples,” land rights, right to culture, and self-determination. This short essay charts the brief history of alienation and struggle of the CHT indigenous peoples.
Entrepreneurs planning to go into business can opt to organize their business structure as a corporation. (Tribal governments may also form corporations to carry on economic development on or off the reservation, but that is not the subject of this article). Corporations are creatures of statute, and a state or tribal statute will detail how the corporation may be formed and what its ongoing requirements are. (Note that most tribal statutes deal with creating tribal rather than private corporations.)
A partnership is a relatively simple business structure to organize and operate. At its most basic, a partnership is an entity consisting of two or more partners, established to carry on a business. No papers need to be filled out or filed with the state. The only state requirement, typically, is that the partnership name be registered if the name used is fictitious.
Issues of jurisdiction in Indian Country can be complex. UANativeNet.com has developed a flowchart to walk you through the factors determining who has jurisdiction to prosecute and hear cases in Indian Country or involving Indians.